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Law of independent assortment Class 10

The law of independent assortment (article) Khan Academ

  1. Mendel's law of independent assortment. Dihybrid crosses. 4 x 4 Punnett squares
  2. The law of independent assortment states that the alleles of different genes are inherited independently within the organisms that reproduce sexually. As per this principle, the alleles of 2 varying genes will differentiate itself into unique gametes (female or male haploid to form a zygote)
  3. Mar 10, 2019 Law of independent assortment states that...... two factors of each character separate out or assort independent of the factors of other characters at the time of gametogenesis and get randomly rearranged during fertilization. Upvote | 1
  4. Law of Independent Assortment Definition. The Law of Independent Assortment states that different genes and their alleles are inherited independently within sexually reproducing organisms. During meiosis, chromosomes are separated into multiple gametes.Genes linked on a chromosome can rearrange themselves through the process of crossing-over. Therefore, each gene is inherited independently
  5. Law of independent assortment is based on dihybrid cross. It states that inheritance of one character is always independent of the inheritance of other characters within the same individual. In other words, if the inheritance of more than one character is studied simultaneously, the factors or genes for each character assort out independently.
  6. ance, Law of Segregation and Law of Independent Assortment are the three Mendel's laws of inheritance. These laws came into existence by the experiments on pea plants in a variety of differing traits
  7. Independent assortment is a basic principle of genetics developed by a monk named Gregor Mendel in the 1860s. Mendel formulated this principle after discovering another principle known as Mendel's law of segregation, both of which govern heredity

Law of independent assortment: Genes for different traits are sorted separately from one another such that the inheritance of one trait is not dependent on the inheritance of the other trait. Out of these three laws, the law of segregation is the most important law because it has no exceptions and is universally accepted The Law of Independent Assortment states that during a dihybrid cross (crossing of two pairs of traits), an assortment of each pair of traits is independent of the other. In other words, during gamete formation, one pair of trait segregates from another pair of traits independently The law of independent assortment states that the inheritance of one pair of genes is independent of inheritance of another pair. Also Read: Non-Mendelian Inheritance Stay tuned with BYJU'S to learn more about Mendel's Laws of Inheritance Learn Science With Kiran#Mendelslawofindependentassortment#dihybridcross#seedshapeandseedcolor#learnsciencewithkiran For More Informative videos visit my cha.. In this online lecture, Sir Usama Qamar explains 10th class Biology Chapter 15 Inheritance. The topic being discussed is Topic 15.3 Mendel's Law of Inheritan..

law of independent segregation mendel law of segregation law of independent assortment definition law of dominance Mendel's Law of Independent Assortment 10th class Biology Chapter 15 Inheritance biology online lectur Main Difference - Law of Segregation vs Law of Independent Assortment. Law of segregation and law of independent assortment are the first and the second laws of Mendelian inheritance. The law of segregation describes how alleles of a gene are segregated into two gametes and reunite after fertilization.The law of independent assortment describes how alleles of different genes independently. i. Mendel's law of independent assortment states that in a dihybrid cross, the distribution of the members of one pair into the gametes is independent of the distribution of the other pair.ii. TR Tr tR tr TR TTRR TTRr TtRR TtRr Tr TtRr TTrr TtRr TtRr tR TtRR TtRr ttRR ttRr tr TtRr Ttrr ttRr ttrr 1) Genotype of F1 generation: Heterozygous tall plants with red flowers (TtRr)Phenotype: Tall. Any time learning lecture seriesThis is the third lecture of Heredity and Evolution chapter of class - 10th Science (chapter 9). This will help you to prepar..

Law of Independent Assortment - Principles, Reasons

Let's explore the law of independent assortment. Let's explore the law of independent assortment. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. If you're behind a web filter, Science · Class 10 Biology (India). Give Reasons. Question 1: Law of independent assortment holds good for the gene pairs that occur in different pairs of chromosomes. Answer: It is chromosome and not the individual gene which segregate during gamete formation. Question 2: Heritable variations are called genetic variations. Answer: Because these variations arise due to change in the genetic material of germplasm or gametes Law of independent Assortment. Ask questions, doubts, problems and we will help you

Independent assortment of genes and their corresponding traits was first observed by Gregor Mendel in 1865. Independent assortment of genes occurs during meiosis in eukaryotes. Meiosis is a type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosomes in a parent cell by half to produce four reproductive cells called gametes CBSE class 10 Science - Heredity and Evolution - In this video we will learn about Mendel's Dihybrid Inheritance and Mendel's Law of Independent assortment..

Chapter 07: Chapter 7 of Biology Lab Manual book - Exercise 10 Aim: To verify the Mendel's Law of Independent Assortment Principle: In a dihybrid cross, the segregation of one gene pair is independent of the segregation of the other pair. It means that genes of two different traits assort independently to give a probability ratio equal to segregration probability ratio of one allele pair. Linkage is the exception of law of independent assortment. The production of eggs and pollen in the F, Rr, Yy plant. Fifty % of the gametes have the gene R and other fifty % have r segragation of 50% R and 50% r is independent from the segragation of 50% of Y and 50% of y Mendel's law of independent assortment states that When two pairs of traits are taken into consideration in a cross (dihybrid), one pair of character for a particular trait segregates independently of the other pair of character for a different trait. For example: In a dihybrid cross between two plants having round yellow (RRYY) and wrinkled green seeds (rryy) two traits are considered the. • The most important principle of Mendels law of independent assortment is that the emergence of one trait will not affect the emergence of another. 7. MENDEL'S LAW OF SEGREGATION• Alternative versions of genes account for variations in inherited characters. This is the concept of alleles

What is genetics Explain Mendels law of dominance with

The Principle of Independent Assortment describes how different genes independently separate from one another when reproductive cells develop. Independent assortment of genes and their corresponding traits was first observed by Gregor Mendel in 1865. Independent assortment of genes occurs during meiosis in eukaryotes The principle or law of independent assortment can be studied by means of dihybrid cross, e.g., between pure breeding pea plants having yellow round seeds (YYRR) and pure breeding pea plants having green wrinkled seeds (yyrr) Class 12 Class 11 Class 10 Class 9 Class 8 Class 7 Class 6. NCERT Easy Reading. Alleen Test Solutions. Blog. About Us. Career. Course. NCERT. class 12 class 11 class 10 class 9 class 8 class 7 class 6. Assertion : The law of independent assortment can be studied by means of dihybrid corss <br> Reason : The law of independent assortment is. Law of independent assortment - This law is based on dihybrid experiment. According to this law, the genes for each pair of characters separate independently from those of other characters during gamete formation

Mendel&#39;s Second Experiment ( Video ) | Biology | CK-12

The law of segregation. The law of independent assortment. The law of independent assortment. Probabilities in genetics. Introduction to heredity review. This is the currently selected item. world-class education to anyone, anywhere. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization • The most important principle of Mendels law of independent assortment is that the emergence of one trait will not affect the emergence of another. 7. MENDEL'S LAW OF SEGREGATION• Alternative versions of genes account for variations in inherited characters. This is the concept of alleles He gave three laws of inheritance, viz. Law of dominance, Law of segregation and Law of independent assortment. He conducted his experiment on garden pea plants having contrasting characteristics. He performed self-pollination and cross-pollination to understand the inheritance patterns of traits Exception of law of Independent assortment: epistasis for fitness. Imagine a case where a given combination of allele is lethal at very young age, then you would never see these two alleles together in an individual. It is per se, not a case of exception to independent assortment but it gives the feeling of such exception Law of Independent Assortment. In this last law, Mendel said that traits can segregate independently from different characters during the gametes' formation in the organisms' bodies. Notes of Chapter Heredity and Evolution Class 10 th Sex Determinatio

Law of independent assortment holds good for the gene pairs that occur in different pairs of chromosomes. Give Reasons. fundamental of genetics; icse; class-10; Share It On Facebook Twitter Email. 1 Answer +1 vote . answered Feb 13, 2019 by. AP SSC 10th class General Science 2 Model paper 2015-16 English Medium Set 3 SECTION - I 1. What is the role of Acid in stomach ? 2. What is meant by sustainable development ? 3. Why is the rate of breathing in aquatic organisms much faster than terrestrial organisms ? 4. Artery walls are very strong [

Explain Mendel's Law of Independent Assortment by taking a suitable example. asked Oct 24, 2018 in Biology by Afreen ( 30.7k points) principles of inheritance and variatio Mendel's law of independent assortment states that. When two pairs of traits are combined in a hybrid, one pair of character segregates independent of the other pair of character. In a dihybrid cross between two plants having round yellow (RRYY) and wrinkled green seeds (rryy), four types of gametes (RY, Ry, rY, ry) are produced According to the law of independent assortment when there are two pairs of contrasting characters, the distribution of the members of one pair into the gametes is independent of the distribution of the other pair

What is the law of independent assortment? EduRev Class

  1. ant effects. The genes of different characters are independent of one and other during gamete formation
  2. Mendel's law of segregation. Genotype, phenotype, and alleles. Heterozygous/homozygous. 2 x 2 Punnett squares
  3. The law states that, when hybrid (F1) forms gametes, the alleles segregate from each other and enter in different gametes. Law of Independent Assortment: The law states that, when a hybrid possessing two (or more) pairs of contrasting factors (alleles) forms gametes, the factors in each pair segregate independently of the other pair
  4. Class-10 » Science. Heredity and Evolution the law of independent assortment states that when 2 or more contrasting traits are present they are inherited in such a way that a particular trait is independent of the other the unit factor of each character is distributed in the gametes independently . 15
  5. ance 2. Segregation 3. Independent assortment 12. MENDEL'S DATA 13. 1.MENDEL'S LAW OF DOMINANCE If your two alleles are different (heterozygous, e.g. Bb), the trait associated with only one of these will be visible (do
  6. The law of independent assortment: According to the law of independent assortment the alleles of two or more different genes are sorted into gametes (sperm and egg cells) independently of one another. It can be simplified stating that the allele a gamete receives from one gene does not influence another allele received for another gene

Law of Independent Assortment - Definition and Example

  1. ed by test crossing it with a double recessive parent
  2. (a) Independent Assortment : This law states that in the inheritance of two pairs of contrasting characters, the factors of each pair of characters segregate independently of the factors of the other pair of characters. This law was proposed by Mendel based on the result of dihybrid crosses on Pea plants where seed color and seed shape were studied
  3. During dihybrid cross by Mendel, it was observed that when two pairs of traits were considered; each trait expressed independent of the other. Thus, Mendel was able to propose the Law of Independent Assortment which says about independent inheritance of traits
  4. ance, law of segregation and law of independent assortment.,Mendel's monohybrid cross, detailed steps, factors or genes, alleles, homozygous and heterozygous terms, punnett square, ratios and equations

Explain the law of independent assortment with a suitable

(i) Law of dominance (ii) Law of segregation or law of purity of gametes (iii) Law of independent assortment (4) Law of Dominance - The dominant characters are expressed when factors are in heterozygous condition. (5) The recessive characters are only expressed in homozygous conditions. The characters never blend in heterozygous condition Mendel's Law of Independent assortment is a law stating that allele pairs separate independently during gametes formation. Detailed explanation: The law is only true for traits that are not linked ( seed color vs. seed shape). When two or more characteristics are inherited by an individual, those characteristics assort independently during gamete production Class 10 th Biology AP Board Solution. Improve Your Learning. Draw a checker board to show the law of independent assortment with a flow chart and explain the ratio. (AS5) Answer: When a pea plant with yellow and round seeds (pure), were crossed with those having green and wrinkled seeds (pure). The F1 seeds were obtained yellow and round Law of Independent Assortment. Mendel's law of independent assortment states that genes do not influence each other with regard to the sorting of alleles into gametes, and every possible combination of alleles for every gene is equally likely to occur.Independent assortment of genes can be illustrated by the dihybrid cross, a cross between two true-breeding parents that express different.

Easyway Science: 10 Heridity

An Overview On Law Of Segregation And Law Of Dominanc

  1. (a) State the law of independent assortment. <br> (b) Using Punnett Square demonstrate the law of independent assortment in a dihybrid cross involving two heterozygous parents
  2. Finish the discussion on the Law of Segregation with a video animation. Introduce Mendel's Law of Independent Assortment. Display a law of independent assortment image and interpret the visual aloud to increase students' understanding
  3. View Topic 10 Bio Review.pdf from BIO 16612 at Desert Mountain High School. Topic 10 Genetics Class Notes 10.2 Gene Linkage and Polygenic Inheritance Mendel's Law of Independent
  4. Selina ICSE Solutions for Class 10 Biology Chapter 3 Genetics - Some Basic Fundamentals. Exercise 1. Solution A.1. d) Ascaris. Solution A.2. a) 3 : 1. Solution B.1. (a) - (iii) Study of laws of inheritance of characters Law of Independent Assortment:.
  5. ance: If there are two alleles coding for the same trait and one is do
  6. e the genotype of a parent. Define the Law of Independent Assortment and use a Punnett Square to predict the offspring expected from.

CBSE Papers, Questions, Answers, MCQ

Laws of Inheritance: Dominance, Segregation, Independent

What is law of dominance Class 10? - FindAnyAnswer

  1. Like segregation, independent assortment occurs during meiosis, specifically in prophase I when the chromosomes line up in random orientation along the metaphase plate. Crossing over, the exchange and recombination of genetic information between chromosomes also occurs in prophase I and adds to the genetic diversity of the offspring.. The image above illustrates the laws of Mendelian inheritance
  2. Mendel's Law of independent assortment holds good for genes situated on the asked Mar 10, 2018 in Class XII Biology by vijay Premium ( 539 points) principles of inheritance and variatio
  3. ant and recessive gene type. September 13, 2014 THE LAWS OF MENDEL 30
  4. 2nd year biology notes all chapter 2nd year biology book pdf Law of Independent Assortment FSc part 2 inter Biology Chapter 22 Variation and Genetics online lectur
  5. Law of independent assortment. Each member of a pair of homologous chromosomes separates independently of the members of other pairs so the results are random. Gamete. Haploid cells (n) produced by diploid cells (2n) for the purpose of sexual reproduction. Haploid

Mendel's Laws of Inheritance - Mendel's Laws and Experiment

0 suggestions are available. Use up and down arrows to select. or Take a Test. Find something cool. JEE Mai NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Science Chapter 9 Heredity and Evolution: Conclusion: It formulated the law of independent assortment which states that genes of different characters located in different pairs of chromosomes are independent of one another in their segregation during gamete formation Law of Independent Assortment - When Crosses are made between plants with two or more than two Contrasting characters, the inheritance of these characters occurs independently like, the inheritance of one Character does not affect the inheritance of Other Characters. Example and mechanism of independent Assortment:

Law of Independent Assortment: When two pairs of traits are combined in a hybrid, segregation of one pair of characters is independent of the other pair of characters. 31. (a) Genotype: RRYY, rryy or RrYy Law of Independent Assortment: When plants with two or more than two characters are crossed then expression of one character does not affect the expression of another character. Genes from a pair of alleles segregate and are free to combine with any other gene from any other pair of alleles. This is called law of independent assortment What is Law of Independent Assortment Class 10? The Law of Independent Assortment states that during a dihybrid cross (crossing of two pairs of traits), an assortment of each pair of traits is independent of the other. In other words, during gamete formation, one pair of trait segregates from another pair of traits independently

List the rules of inheritance of traits in human beings

Mendel's Law of Independent Assortment Allele pairs separate independently during the formation of gametes. This means that traits are transmitted to offspring independently of one another. 4. Dihybrid cross - phenotypes 5 3. Law of Independent Assortment - Mendel's Third Laws Of Inheritance. The Law of Independent Assortment states that completely different pairs of alleles are passed onto the offspring independently of each other. Therefore, the inheritance of genes at one location in a genome doesn't influence the inheritance of genes at another location Genetics of Drosophila melanogaster Introduction: Gregor Mendel revolutionized the study of genetics. By studying genetic inheritance in pea plants, Gregor Mendel established two basic laws of that serve as the cornerstones of modern genetics: Mendel's Law of Segregation and Law of Independent Assortment. Mendel's Law of Segregation says that each trait has two Continue reading. ICSE Biology Previous Year Question Paper 2016 Solved for Class 10. ICSE Paper 2016 BIOLOGY (Two hours) Answers to this Paper must be written on the paper provided separately. You will not be allowed to write during the first 15 minutes. Mendel's law of independent Assortment:.

Mendel's Law Of Independent Assortment Class 10th

and discussion (pages 7-10). Alternatively, you may want to cover pages 1-5 in the first period and pages 6-10 in the second period (when you could finish the law of independent assortment, cover genetic linkage, and have a brief discussion). Teaching Points • The inheritance of multiple genes can be predicted by understanding the behavior o Choose the Correct Answer: If Any of Mendel'S Characters Were Linked; One Would Have Been Unable to Derive Independent Assortment . Dihybrid cross-pollination experiments led Gregor Mendel to develop his law of independent assortment. This law states that alleles are transmitted to offspring independently of one another. Alleles separate during meiosis, leaving each gamete with one allele for a single trait

10th Class Biology, Mendel's Law of Independent Assortment

Law of Independent Assortment : It states that when two pairs of contrasting traits are combined in a hybrid, segregation of contrasted one pair of character is independent of the other pair of characters. Detailed answer: Law of Independent Assortment : It states that when two individuals differing in two pairs of contrasting characters are crossed the segregation of one pair of character. Law of independent assortment holds good for the gene pairs that occur in different pairs of chromosomes. asked Dec 29, 2018 in Class X Science by navnit40 ( -4,939 points) fundamentals of genectic Science Class 10 Notes for Heredity and Evolution 1. Law of Segregation (Law of purjty of gametes) (iii) Law of Independent Assortment 3. Genotype is the composition of genes present in an organism and the characteristic which is visible in an organism is called its phenotype. 4. When two parents cross (or breed) to produce progeny (or. The law of independent assortment states that a gamete into which an r allele is sorted would be equally likely to contain either a Y or a y allele. Thus, there are four equally likely gametes that can be formed when the RrYy heterozygote is self-crossed, as follows: RY, rY, Ry, and ry. Arranging these gametes along the top and left of a 4 × 4. Get Revision Notes of Class 10th Science Chapter 9 Heredity and evolution to score good marks in your Exams. Our notes of Chapter 9 Heredity and evolution are prepared by Science experts in an easy to remember format, covering all syllabus of CBSE, KVPY, NTSE, Olympiads, NCERT & other Competitive Exams

Genes and altruism - Psychology Ps51006a with Custance

Mendel's Law of Independent Assortment 10th class Biology

Law of independent Assortment . When two pairs of traits are combined in a hybrid, one pair of character segregates independent of the other pair of character. In a dihybrid cross between two plants having round yellow (RRYY) and wrinkled green seeds (rryy), four types of gametes (RY, Ry, rY, ry) are produced What is Mendelism Mendel was a monk in Austria. Mendel performed a number of experiments on the gardan pea plants (Pisum sativum). Mendel's Law : The theoretical explanation of mendel's results are now firmly establisas Mendel's laws of inheritance Class-10 » Science. biological significance of mendel's laws The Law of Independent Assortment:This law had laid the foundation of inheritance which claimed that different genes assorted themselves independently of one another during gamete formation and had established the relationship between the dominant and recessive gene types (a)Non-homologous Chromosome The law of independent assortment holds true as long as two different genes are on separate chromosomes. When the genes are on separate chromosome, the two alleles of one gene (A and a) will segregate into gametes independently of the two alleles of the other gene (B and b) The results were exactly similar in all the seven different crosses. Mendel found that in the case of each cross: 1. In the F 1, one character of each pair disappeared.The character that showed itself in the F 1 he signified as dominant while the character that did not show was termed recessive. In the list of the seven character pairs given above, the first character is dominant and the.

Difference Between Law of Segregation and Law of

Law of independent assortment explains the segregation and distribution of inheritance of alleles governing two different traits. For example, when a plant producing spherical and yellow seeds (RR and YY) and a plant producing wrinkled inexperienced seeds (rr and yy) are crossed, the F1 produces spherical and yellow seeds (R and r, and Y and y. Law of Independent Assortment. Mendel repeated this experiment with other combinations of characteristics, such as flower color and stem length. Each time, the results were the same as those in Figure above. The results of Mendel's second set of experiments led to his second law. This is the law of independent assortment. It states that factors.

State Mendel's law of independent assortment

10.1.U6 Independent assortment of genes in due to random orientation of homologous chromosomes pairs in meiosis I. Describe random orientation and independent assortment. Given a parent cell genotype, determine the allele combinations that are possible in the gametes due to independent assortment and random orientation Carl Correns (1900), Hugo de Vries (1900a, 1900b) and Erich Tschermak (1900), rediscovered Mendel's law of segregation in 1900, and Correns, in the same 1900 paper, rediscovered the law of independent assortment (Fairbanks and Rytting 2001).Before Mendel, the mechanisms by which traits are inherited were incorrectly or vaguely explained. Mendel presented abundant experimental evidence and.

Give the phenotype of F1 progeny Give the phenotype ratio

Mendel's Dihybrid Cross Law of independent assortment

Class 12 Biology Inheritance Variation . Inheritance Principle part 12 (Mendels law of dominance and segregation) Inheritance Principle part 13 (Incomplete dominance) (Principle of independent assortment) Inheritance Principle part 19 (Recognition of Mendel work Mendel's Law of Independent Assortment states the inheritance of one pair of factors (genes) is independent of the inheritance of the other pair. If the two alleles are identical, the individual is called homozygous for the trait; if the two alleles are different, the individual is called heterozygous

Biology - Mendel's Law of Independent Assortment

Mendel's law of segregation says that the alleles that make up a gene separate from each other, or segregate, during the formation of gametes. That fact can be represented by simple equations, such as: RR → R + R or Rr → R + r Mendel's second law is called the law of independent assortment Mendel's Second Law - The Law of Independent Assortment. Mendel's second law says that alleles for traits are passed on independently of each other. To put it another way, the selection of an allele for a trait has nothing to do with which allele is selected for a different trait. Mendel discovered this natural law while doing dihybrid.

20. Alleles of a gene get segregated during gamete formation in a flower. This segregation is independent of any other gene pair. This is : a. Law of dominance. b. Law of segregation. c. none; d. Both The law of independent assortment states that, when two parents differing from each other in two or more pairs of contrasting characters are crossed, then the inheritance of one pair of character is independent of the other pair of character. This law is based on a dihybrid cross For every law in science, there is always an exception. For the most part, alleles follow Mendel's law of segregation and law of independent assortment. But, there has to be some genes that dare to be different, of course! These genes are sex-linked genes and linked genes. Be careful--these terms look like they might be similar because they. The following are the experiments simulated in Class 12 Biology Practicals App for class 12 biology and are referred from the latest NCERT laboratory manual. Mendel's Law of Independent Assortment: To verify Mendel's law of independent assortment. Flowers adapted to pollination by different agencies (wind, insects, birds). (Maize. Mendel's law of independent assortment states that the genes are separated and inherited independently of each other into the gametes. The corn can be used to study the law if independent assortment as each kernel of the corn is its fruit. Thus, it is a result of sexual reproduction 8. Describe Mendel's law of independent assortment. 9. One way of predicting the outcome of a cross is to use a Punnett square. Describe what is meant by a monohybrid cross and a dihybrid cross. Show examples of each. 10. People who are able to taste PTC paper have a dominant allele. A homozygous recessive person cannot taste the PTC paper

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